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Linolsäure - Omega-6-Fettsäure

  1. Linus Pauling Institute | Oregon State University: Essential Fatty Acids; abgerufen am 02.12.2015
  2. Jay Whelan :Linoleic Acid; doi: 10.3945/an.113.003772; Adv Nutr May 2013 Adv Nutr vol. 4: 311-312, 2013
  3. Demmelmair H, Iser B, Rauh-Pfeiffer A, Koletzko B.: Comparison of bolus versus fractionated oral applications of [13C]-linoleic acid in humans.; Eur J Clin Invest. 1999 Jul;29(7):603-9.; PMID: 1041166
  4. Jason HY Wu; Rozenn N. Lemaitre; Irena B. King; Xiaoling Song; Bruce M. Psaty; David S. Siscovick; Dariush Mozaffarian: Circulating Omega-6 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Total and Cause-Specific Mortality: The Cardiovascular Health Study; CIRCULATIONAHA.114.011590; Published online before print August 14, 2014, doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.114.011590
  5. Laaksonen DE, Nyyssönen K, Niskanen L, Rissanen TH, Salonen JT.: Prediction of cardiovascular mortality in middle-aged men by dietary and serum linoleic and polyunsaturated fatty acids.; Arch Intern Med. 2005 Jan 24;165(2):193-9.; PMID: 15668366
  6. Maryam S. Farvid; Ming Ding; An Pan; Qi Sun; Stephanie E. Chiuve; Lyn M. Steffen; Walter C. Willett; Frank B. Hu: Dietary Linoleic Acid and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies; CIRCULATIONAHA.114.010236; Published online before print August 26, 2014, doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.114.010236
  7. Jason HY Wu, PhD; Rozenn N Lemaitre, PhD, MPH; Irena B King, PhD; Xiaoling Song, PhD; Bruce M Psaty, MD, PhD; David S Siscovick, MD, MPH; Dariush Mozaffarian, MD, DrPH: Circulating Omega-6 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Total and Cause-Specific Mortality: The Cardiovascular Health Study; Circulation. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2015 Oct 7.; Published in final edited form as: Circulation. 2014 Oct 7; 130(15): 1245–1253.; Published online 2014 Aug 14. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.114.011590; PMCID: PMC4189990; NIHMSID: NIHMS619430
  8. Wijendran V, Hayes KC.: Dietary n-6 and n-3 fatty acid balance and cardiovascular health.; Annu Rev Nutr. 2004;24:597-615.; PMID: 15189133
  9. European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy: Scientific Opinion on Dietary Reference Values for fats, including saturated fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, monounsaturated fatty acids, trans fatty acids, and cholesterol; EFSA Journal 2010; 8(3):1461 [107 pp.]. doi: 10.2903/j.efsa.2010.1461; Published: 25. März 2010
  10. Zhou Y, Wang T, Zhai S, Li W, Meng Q.: Linoleic acid and breast cancer risk: a meta-analysis.; Public Health Nutr. 2015 Oct 5:1-7.; PMID: 26434699
  11. The Physicians Committee: Essential Fatty Acids; abgerufen am 02.02.2015
  12. Linus Pauling Institute | Oregon State University: Essential Fatty Acids; abgerufen am 02.12.2015
  13. Jay Whelan: Linoleic Acid; doi: 10.3945/an.113.003772; Adv Nutr May 2013 Adv Nutr vol. 4: 311-312, 2013
  14. The President and Fellows of Harvard College: Dietary linoleic acid and risk of coronary heart disease; The Nutrition Source; abgerufen am 03.12.2015
  15. Ramsden CE, Hibbeln JR, Majchrzak SF, Davis JM.: n-6 fatty acid-specific and mixed polyunsaturate dietary interventions have different effects on CHD risk: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.; Br J Nutr. 2010 Dec;104(11):1586-600. doi: 10.1017/S0007114510004010.; PMID: 21118617
  16. Johnson GH, Fritsche K.: Effect of dietary linoleic acid on markers of inflammation in healthy persons: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials.; J Acad Nutr Diet. 2012 Jul;112(7):1029-41, 1041.e1-15. doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2012.03.029.; PMID: 22889633
  17. Stephen D. Anton, Kacey Heekin, Carrah Simkins, Andres Acosta: Differential effects of adulterated versus unadulterated forms of linoleic acid on cardiovascular health; Journal of Integrative Medicine: Volume 11, 2013 Issue 1; DOI: 10.3736/jintegrmed2013002
  18. Simopoulos AP.: The omega-6/omega-3 fatty acid ratio, genetic variation, and cardiovascular disease.; Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2008;17 Suppl 1:131-4.; PMID: 18296320
  19. Novak EM, King DJ, Innis SM.: Low linoleic acid may facilitate Δ6 desaturase activity and docosahexaenoic acid accretion in human fetal development.; Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2012 Mar;86(3):93-8. doi: 10.1016/j.plefa.2012.02.004. Epub 2012 Feb 23.; PMID: 22365109
  20. Harris WS.: The omega-6/omega-3 ratio and cardiovascular disease risk: uses and abuses.; Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2006 Nov;8(6):453-9.; PMID: 17045070
  21. Linus Pauling Institute | Oregon State University: Essential Fatty Acids; abgerufen am 02.12.2015
  22. Kerstin Harnack, Gaby Andersen, Veronika Somoza: Quantitation of alpha-linolenic acid elongation to eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid as affected by the ratio of n6/n3 fatty acids; Nutr Metab (Lond). 2009; 6: 8.; Published online 2009 Feb 19. doi: 10.1186/1743-7075-6-8; PMCID: PMC2656504
  23. Gibson RA, Muhlhausler B, Makrides M.: Conversion of linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid to long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs), with a focus on pregnancy, lactation and the first 2 years of life.; Matern Child Nutr. 2011 Apr;7 Suppl 2:17-26. doi: 10.1111/j.1740-8709.2011.00299.x.; PMID: 21366864
  24. Gerster H.: Can adults adequately convert alpha-linolenic acid (18:3n-3) to eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3)?; Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 1998;68(3):159-73.; PMID: 9637947
  25. Jay Whelan: Linoleic Acid; doi: 10.3945/an.113.003772; Adv Nutr May 2013 Adv Nutr vol. 4: 311-312, 2013
  26. Brenda C Davis, Penny M Kris-Etherton: Achieving optimal essential fatty acid status in vegetarians: current knowledge and practical implications; Am J Clin Nutr September 2003 vol. 78 no. 3 640S-646S
  27. Kornek A, Kucharska A, Kamela K.: Analysis of the fatty acid profile of vegetarian and non-vegetarian diet in the context of some diet-related diseases prevention.; Wiad Lek. 2016;69(3 pt 2):483-488.; PMID: 27717930