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Mehrfach ungesättigte Fettsäuren

  1. University of Illinois Board of Trustees: What are Polyunsaturated and Monounsaturated Fats?; abgerufen am 27.11.2015
  2. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services National, Institutes of Health: Facts about polyunsaturated fats; abgerufen am 27.11.2015
  3. Magdalena S Rosell, Zouë Lloyd-Wright, Paul N Appleby, Thomas AB Sanders, Naomi E Allen, Timothy J Key: Long-chain n–3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in plasma in British meat-eating, vegetarian, and vegan men; American Society for Clinical Nutrition; Am J Clin Nutr August 2005; vol. 82 no. 2 327-334
  4. Wijendran V, Hayes KC.: Dietary n-6 and n-3 fatty acid balance and cardiovascular health.; Annu Rev Nutr. 2004;24:597-615.; PMID: 15189133
  5. Jyrki K. Virtanen, Jaakko Mursu, Tomi-Pekka Tuomainen, Sari Voutilainen: Dietary Fatty Acids and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease in Men; The Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study; Clinical and Population Studies; Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology.; 2014; 34: 2679-2687; Published online before print September 25, 2014, doi: 10.1161/ATVBAHA.114.304082
  6. Zuliani G, Galvani M, Leitersdorf E, Volpato S, Cavalieri M, Fellin R.: The role of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in the treatment of dyslipidemias.; Curr Pharm Des. 2009;15(36):4087-93.; PMID: 20041810
  7. Magdalena S Rosell, Zouë Lloyd-Wright, Paul N Appleby, Thomas AB Sanders, Naomi E Allen, Timothy J Key: Long-chain n–3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in plasma in British meat-eating, vegetarian, and vegan men; American Society for Clinical Nutrition; Am J Clin Nutr August 2005; vol. 82 no. 2 327-334
  8. Harvard University: The truth about fats: the good, the bad, and the in-between, The Family Health Guide; abgerufen am 27.11.2015
  9. Mangano KM, Sahni S, Kerstetter JE, Kenny AM, Hannan MT.: Polyunsaturated fatty acids and their relation with bone and muscle health in adults.; Curr Osteoporos Rep. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2014 Jan 8.; Published in final edited form as: Curr Osteoporos Rep. 2013 Sep; 11(3): 10.1007/s11914-013-0149-0.; doi: 10.1007/s11914-013-0149-0; PMCID: PMC3884553; NIHMSID: NIHMS542193
  10. Virtanen JK, Mozaffarian D, Willett WC, Feskanich D.: Dietary intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids and risk of hip fracture in men and women.; Osteoporos Int. 2012 Nov;23(11):2615-24. doi: 10.1007/s00198-012-1903-3. Epub 2012 Jan 21.; PMID: 22270860
  11. Smith GI, Atherton P, Reeds DN, Mohammed BS, Rankin D, Rennie MJ, Mittendorfer B.: Dietary omega-3 fatty acid supplementation increases the rate of muscle protein synthesis in older adults: a randomized controlled trial.; Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 Feb;93(2):402-12. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.110.005611. Epub 2010 Dec 15.; PMID: 21159787
  12. Rosqvist F, Iggman D, Kullberg J, Cedernaes J, Johansson HE, Larsson A, Johansson L, Ahlström H, Arner P, Dahlman I, Risérus U.: Overfeeding polyunsaturated and saturated fat causes distinct effects on liver and visceral fat accumulation in humans.; Diabetes. 2014 Jul;63(7):2356-68. doi: 10.2337/db13-1622. Epub 2014 Feb 18.; PMID: 24550191
  13. Glen D. Lawrence: Dietary Fats and Health: Dietary Recommendations in the Context of Scientific Evidence; doi: 10.3945/an.113.003657; Adv Nutr May 2013 Adv Nutr vol. 4: 294-302, 2013
  14. Narinder Kaur, Vishal Chugh, Anil K. Gupta: Essential fatty acids as functional components of foods- a review; J Food Sci Technol. 2014 Oct; 51(10): 2289–2303. Published online 2012 Mar 21. doi: 10.1007/s13197-012-0677-0; PMCID: PMC4190204
  15. Glen D. Lawrence: Dietary Fats and Health: Dietary Recommendations in the Context of Scientific Evidence; doi: 10.3945/an.113.003657; Adv Nutr May 2013 Adv Nutr vol. 4: 294-302, 2013
  16. Linus Pauling Institute | Oregon State University: Essential Fatty Acids; abgerufen am 27.11.2015
  17. National Health and Medical Research Council: Vitamin E; abgerufen am 27.11.2015
  18. Agriculture and Consumer Protection, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Vitamin E; abgerufen am 27.11.2015
  19. Valk EE, Hornstra G.: Relationship between vitamin E requirement and polyunsaturated fatty acid intake in man: a review.; Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2000 Mar;70(2):31-42.; PMID: 10804454
  20. Javier Aranceta,Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo; Recommended dietary reference intakes, nutritional goals and dietary guidelines for fat and fatty acids: a systematic review; British Journal of Nutrition / Volume 107 / Supplement S2 / Juni 2012, pp S8-S22; Copyright © The Authors 2012; DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114512001444 (About DOI), Published online: Mai 2012
  21. The Physicians Committee: Essential Fatty Acids; abgerufen am 27.11.2015
  22. Maria Makrides, BSc, BND, PhD; Robert A. Gibson, BSc, PhD; Andrew J. McPhee, MBBS; Carmel T. Collins, RN, BSSc, PhD; Peter G. Davis, MBBS, MD; Lex W. Doyle, MBBS, MSc, MD; Karen Simmer, MBBS, PhD; Paul B. Colditz, MBBS, PhD; Scott Morris, MBBS, PhD; Lisa G. Smithers, BAppSc, PhD; Kristyn Willson, BSc(Hons); Philip Ryan, MBBS, BSc: Neurodevelopmental Outcomes of Preterm Infants Fed High-Dose Docosahexaenoic AcidA Randomized Controlled Trial; JAMA. 2009;301(2):175-182. doi:10.1001/jama.2008.945.; January 14, 2009, Vol 301, No. 2
  23. Chang CY, Ke DS, Chen JY.: Essential fatty acids and human brain.; Acta Neurol Taiwan. 2009 Dec;18(4):231-41.; PMID: 20329590
  24. Simopoulos AP.: Evolutionary aspects of diet: the omega-6/omega-3 ratio and the brain.; Mol Neurobiol. 2011 Oct;44(2):203-15. doi: 10.1007/s12035-010-8162-0. Epub 2011 Jan 29.; PMID: 21279554
  25. Nadja B. Kristensen, Mia L. Madsen, Tue H. Hansen, Kristine H. Allin, Camilla Hoppe, Sisse Fagt, Mia S. Lausten, Rikke J. Gøbel, Henrik Vestergaard, Torben Hansen, Oluf Pedersen: Intake of macro- and micronutrients in Danish vegans; Nutr J. 2015; 14: 115.; Published online 2015 Oct 30. doi: 10.1186/s12937-015-0103-3; PMCID: PMC4628270
  26. The Physicians Committee: Essential Fatty Acids; abgerufen am 27.11.2015
  27. Jakub G. Sobiecki, Paul N. Appleby, Kathryn E. Bradbury, Timothy J. Key:High compliance with dietary recommendations in a cohort of meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians, and vegans: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition–Oxford study; DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nutres.2015.12.016
  28. M.R. Fokkema, D.A.J. Brouwer, M.B. Hasperhoven, Y. Hettema, W.J.E. Bemelmans, F.A.J. Muskiet: Polyunsaturated fatty acid status of Dutch vegans and omnivores; Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids (PLEFA); Volume 63, Issue 5, November 2000, Pages 279-285; doi:10.1054/plef.2000.0215